Part of the Kingdom of Denmark, Greenland is the world's largest island that is not a continent. Located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, over 80% of the country's surface is covered by the Greenland ice sheet. Rich in Nordic history, Greenland has been inhabited by indigenous peoples since 2500 BC. Today, the 50,000 inhabitants share the ice-fishing lifestyle of their ancestors.
The Greenlandic word for "icebergs", Ilulissat is a town located at the mouth of the Ilulissat Icefjord in western Greenland. The fjord is filled with enormous icebergs from the biggest glacier in the world after the Antarctic. Around 20 billion tons of icebergs are produced every year in the Ilulissat Icefjord.
Having been banished from Iceland for manslaughter in the 980s, Erik the Red is said to have explored the uninhabited southwestern coast of Greenland during his three years of banishment. Attracting potential colonists with the name Greenland, he enticed settlers to the area. At its peak, the Norse colonization consisted of over 8000 people. These Viking settlements are still visible today.